The Best Medicine Ball Exercises For All Levels Of Gym-Goer

Just like everything else, different types of gym equipment come in and out of fashion, but most of them never stop being effective tools for improving your fitness. We say most because some will never be particularly effective, no matter whether they’re in fashion or not – we’re looking at you, Shake Weight.

The medicine ball is a prime example of something that has been sat in gyms for more than a century, alternating between fame and obscurity. But throughout all of that time it has remained an equally useful bit of gym gear. For one, chucking a med ball around can result in stronger joints, especially the rather injury-prone shoulder joints. In a study of handball players, published in the Journal Of Strength & Conditioning Research, adding six weeks of medicine ball throws alongside regular training enhanced isokinetic strength around the rotator cuff, as well as improved throwing velocity. The players in the study also benefited from improved bench-rep scores and upper-body hypertrophy when they included resistance training alongside their throws.

To help you get the most out of the mighty medicine ball, we enlisted personal trainer and Multipower ambassador Leon Scott to select and explain the best beginner, intermediate and advanced medicine ball exercises, and we’ve thrown in a few ourselves.

Beginner Medicine Ball Exercises

Medicine ball squat


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“Stand with your legs hip-width apart and your toes facing forwards,” says Scott. “Hold a medicine ball by the middle of your chest, pressing your hands into either side of the ball. Keep the ball in place as you hinge at your hips to lower into a squat. Aim to get your thighs parallel to the floor. Straighten your legs to stand back up and squeeze your glutes at the top of the movement.”

Lunge with twist


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Stand holding a medicine ball in front of you at chest height – the further you extend your arms, the harder this exercise will be. Step forwards with your right foot into a lunge, lowering until both knees are bent at 90° while rotating your torso to the right. Reverse the movement, then repeat on the other side.

“During the lunge be sure to keep weight in the heel of your front foot to protect your knees,” says Scott. “You can also add the twist to walking lunges.”

Medicine ball plank


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Kneel on the floor with a medicine ball in front of you. Put your hands on the ball and push up until your arms are straight, with your body forming a straight line from shoulders to feet. Hold the position. Because you’re supporting yourself on the unstable medicine ball your core is forced to work harder to keep your body stable.

“If performing the plank with your feet together is too tough, put your feet wider apart for a bit more stability, or start on your knees and build up from there,” says Scott.

Russian twist


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Sit down on the ground, holding the medicine ball in front of your chest. Lean back so your torso is at a 45° angle to the floor and lift your legs, keeping a slight bend in the knees. Brace your core to maintain this position as you twist your torso to bring the ball over to one side, and then twist to the other side. Keep your movements slow and controlled – the aim is for the rest of your body to remain still as your torso twists. This is a great exercise for strengthening your obliques muscles.

Medicine ball high knees

This is a great cardio exercise which also challenges your core, a part of the body beginners should work on strengthening before anything else. Hold a medicine ball above your head with extended arms. Run on the spot, driving your knees up towards your chest. Aim to work for time – three sets of 30 seconds is ideal.

Medicine ball overhead raise


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This is a great move for those just starting out because it develops your core and grip, both of which will be tested in the intermediate and advanced exercises. However, the benefits for shoulder health mean everyone should break it out from time to time, no matter their level of experience in the gym.

Stand holding the medicine ball in both hands by your thighs. Keeping your arms straight throughout, slowly raise the medicine ball until it’s above your head. You’ll get more out of the move if you raise and lower in a slow and controlled manner – three seconds up and three seconds down as a minimum.

Aim to complete three sets of five reps using a 3kg medicine ball to start with. As your strength develops, increase the weight, so long as your form doesn’t suffer.

Medicine ball pass


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This exercise is great for your core, but you’ll need to enlist a partner. Lie on the floor with your feet meeting your partner’s in the middle, feet flat on the floor and knees bent, with one of you holding a medicine ball. Both perform a sit-up, using your core muscles to raise your torso, and pass the medicine ball to the other partner. Lie back down, then go into another sit-up and pass the medicine ball back. You can either hand the ball over or throw it (gently) to make the move a little more challenging.

Intermediate Medicine Ball Exercises

Medicine ball thruster


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Stand holding a medicine ball against your chest. Drop into a squat, then push back up and extend your arms to press the ball overhead. Bring the ball back down to your chest and repeat.

“Make sure to keep your weight on your heels for the squat and your elbows soft when extending overhead,” says Scott.

Medicine ball slam


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“Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and hold the medicine ball at arm’s length in front of you,” says Scott. “Brace your core and raise the ball overhead until you feel a stretch in your abs, but don’t bend backwards. Slam the ball as hard as you can into the floor, drop down into a squat and catch the medicine ball on the rebound.”

Torso twist

“Stand with your legs hip-width apart, toes facing forwards, with a slight bend in the knees,” says Scott. “Hold a medicine ball in the middle of your chest and press your hands into the sides of the ball. Keeping your hips still and facing forward, twist just your torso left and right at a moderate-to-fast pace.”

Lateral reach pull

“Stand with your legs hip-width apart and toes facing forwards,” says Scott. “Hold a medicine ball in your hands and extend your arms up and to the right so the ball is above and in front of your right shoulder. Then move your left leg diagonally behind your body to create one long line from the medicine ball to left ankle. Lower the medicine ball to your chest while raising your left knee to meet the ball. Then extend the ball and leg back to the diagonal.”

Once you’ve worked through all the reps on one side, repeat on the other.

Lunge woodchop

This combination of two well-known exercises hits muscles all over the body, and the twisting motion involved is a great way to mix up your workout routine – too many of us stick with forward/backward and side-to-side movements in the gym. It’s a particularly good move for your core because you’ll increase the challenge to your balance as you shift the weight during the lunge.

Stand holding the medicine ball over your left shoulder with your arms extended. Step forwards with your right foot and lower until both knees are bent at a 90° angle. As you lower, bring the medicine ball down and across your body to the outside of your right knee, keeping your arms extended as you move it. Then push back up to a standing position and, as you rise, take the medicine ball back above your shoulder. Do all your reps on one side, then switch.

Wall ball


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This CrossFit favourite is a natural step up from the medicine ball thruster, so master that compound exercise first. To perform the wall ball, stand a couple of steps back from the wall, holding the medicine ball by your chest. Drop into a half squat, then explode up, pressing the ball into the air and launching it at a high point on the wall – CrossFit boxes will often have painted lines to aim for. At first, let the med ball fall to the floor before you pick it up for the next rep, but to up the intensity catch the ball and go immediately into the next rep.

Medicine ball plank drag

This plank variation livens up the move and adds a surprisingly large amount of difficulty when done right. Start in a high plank position, with your hands directly underneath your shoulders, and the medicine ball on the floor underneath your chest. Maintaining a strict plank position, lift one hand and roll the medicine ball over to that side. Then return that hand to the floor and repeat the movement with the other hand. Keep your hips as level as possible while moving the ball – if you’re bucking as you grab the ball, go back to the standard plank to increase your core strength before trying the drag again.

Rainbow slam

The overhead slam is a fantastic exercise, but it’s worth adding a rotational move like the rainbow slam. This will get your body working in another plane of motion, hitting the muscles involved from different angles to increase your functional strength and all-round resilience. It’s also a move that quickens your pulse and fits well into HIIT workouts.

Stand with a medicine ball on the floor on your right side. Squat down, bending your knees and pushing your hips back, and reach to pick it up in both hands. Keeping your arms straight, raise the ball on your right-hand side and over your head, rotating through your torso to slam it down on your left side. Squat quickly to catch the ball on the bounce, then lift and rotate to slam it down on your right side again.

Advanced Medicine Ball Exercises

Alternating-arm medicine ball press-up


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“Get into a press-up position with your right hand on the ball,” says Scott. “Lower your chest towards the floor and then push up and to the right, bringing your left hand onto the ball and swiftly moving your right hand onto the floor in one fluid motion. Reverse the direction for the next rep and keep alternating back and forth. You can make this even harder by performing the press-ups explosively so your hand rises off the ball and you switch hands in mid-air before going into the next press-up.”

Half-kneeling rotation wall throw

This rotational move is great for your core but can be tricky to do correctly at first, so work on your rotational strength first with moves like the Pallof press using a cable machine, or the Russian twist using your medicine ball. Start on one knee, side-on to a wall, with the other knee bent at 90° and your foot flat on the floor. Hold the medicine ball outside the hip that’s furthest from the wall in both hands with your arms straight. Twist your torso to throw the ball at the wall, then catch it and rotate back to the starting position. Make sure you’re using the twist of your torso to throw the ball, rather than your arms and shoulders.

Burpee thruster

“Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart with a medicine ball on the floor in front of you,” says Scott. “Squat down and place your hands on the ball. Then jump your feet back to land in the top of a press-up position, balancing on the ball with your hands. Jump your feet forwards again, stand up, and press the ball overhead. You can add a jump at the top for a greater cardio challenge.”

Overhead scoop throw


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This explosive move makes for an enjoyable and effective addition to your routine, but you do need a lot of space – we’re talking an empty playing field or sports hall here – especially as you become more proficient at throwing the ball. Stand holding the ball in both hands. Hinge at your hips to lower the ball towards the floor, then explode upwards and throw the ball up and over behind you. You’re aiming to throw it as high and as far as you can, hence the need for a lot of space. You don’t need to use a heavy ball or do a vast amount of reps to get the most from this move, just focus on form and throwing the ball a long way.

Medicine ball leg raise

The leg raise isn’t a move to be sniffed at, so make sure you can complete three sets of the standard move with perfect form before attempting this weighted version. Once you’re ready to progress, pick a medicine ball no heavier than 6kg and lie on your back with your legs extended, holding the ball between your feet. Keeping your legs straight and under control, raise them until they point straight up, pause, then lower as slowly as you can.

Medicine ball slam and spin

This one will have you spinning round, right round like a record baby. As you bring the medicine ball above your head, jump and spin 180° in the air, completing the slam once you’ve landed. Try to squat down and pick the ball up as it bounces. It might feel awkward at first, but before long it’ll become fluid and when it does it’s mighty enjoyable.

Aim to keep your back straight throughout and bend your knees slightly when landing to minimise jarring. If the jump proves too tough, just spin around without leaving the ground and work up to the jump.

Nick Harris-Fry
Senior writer

Nick Harris-Fry is a journalist who has been covering health and fitness since 2015. Nick is an avid runner, covering 70-110km a week, which gives him ample opportunity to test a wide range of running shoes and running gear. He is also the chief tester for fitness trackers and running watches, treadmills and exercise bikes, and workout headphones.

With contributions from